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States of fragility (Forced Migration Review 43)

Many states fail in their responsibilities to their citizens but those states which are fragile, failed or weak are particularly liable to render their citizens vulnerable. This latest issue of FMR includes 24 articles on fragile states and displacement, going behind the definitions, typologies and indicators to explore some of the concepts and realities, looking at a variety of cases and discussing some of the humanitarian and development responses.

In addition this issue contains eight further articles on other aspects of displacement – Syrians in Lebanon, older displaced people, use of human rights treaties for asylum seekers, arts in refugee camps, and more.

See more at: http://www.fmreview.org/fragilestates#sthash.b6YE9ixi.dpuf

# Episode Title Description People Date
33 Creative Commons FMR 43 Understanding refugees' concepts of sexual and gender-based violence Sexual and gender-based violence prevention campaigns that incorporate culturally sensitive understanding will stand a better chance of breaking down barriers to accessing services. Carrie Hough 09 Aug 2013
32 Creative Commons FMR 43 Emergency need for telecommunications support The Haiti experience challenged the international humanitarian community to take advantage of the possibilities of increasingly available and common communications technologies and networks, and to ensure access to the infrastructure enabling it to do so. Marianne Donven, Mariko Hall 09 Aug 2013
31 Creative Commons FMR 43 Poetry as women's resistance to the consequences of Bedouin displacement in Jordan Bedouin women are able to mitigate some of the consequences of that displacement through the opportunities and influence they have gained as Nabati poets. Maira Seeley 09 Aug 2013
30 Creative Commons FMR 43 Older people and displacement At all phases of the displacement cycle, flight, displacement and return, older people are exposed to specific challenges and risks which are not sufficiently taken into account. Piero Calvi-Parisetti 09 Aug 2013
29 Creative Commons FMR 43 Harming asylum seekers' chances through poor use of human rights treaties Over the past decade, UK courts and administrative tribunals have become increasingly comfortable relying on international human rights treaties in cases where non-citizens claim asylum or other means of protection from persecution. Stephen Meili 09 Aug 2013
28 Creative Commons FMR 43 Trails of Tears: raising awareness of displacement Trails of Tears have arisen to draw attention and give legitimacy to multiple movements for fairness and justice, hoping to create a community of support strong enough to rectify a past injustice or prevent a future one. Ken Whalen 09 Aug 2013
27 Creative Commons FMR 43 The arts in refugee camps: ten good reasons Refugees' involvement in artistic activity: music, theatre, poetry, painting, often plays a powerful positive role in their ability to survive physically and even emotionally and spiritually. Awet Andemicael 09 Aug 2013
26 Creative Commons FMR 43 Crisis in Lebanon: camps for Syrian refugees? Lebanon has absorbed the enormous Syrian influx but at a high cost to both refugees and Lebanese populations. Current humanitarian programmes can no longer cope and new approaches are needed. Jeremy Loveless 09 Aug 2013
25 Creative Commons FMR 43 State fragility, displacement and development interventions The development approach to displacement brings advantages not only in addressing the needs of refugees, IDPs and host communities but also in helping societies tackle the underlying aspects of fragility that may have caused the displacement. Yonatan Araya 09 Aug 2013
24 Creative Commons FMR 43 Psychiatric treatment with people displaced in or from fragile states Psychiatrists working to assess psychological distress and mental health in fragile states, or with refugees from fragile states, need to adopt flexible approaches. Verity Buckley 09 Aug 2013
23 Creative Commons FMR 43 Displacement in a fragile Iraq The post-Saddam Iraqi state enjoys only limited support from the population, excludes significant sections of its people from power, suppresses the opposition and does not protect citizens from arbitrary arrests, and corruption is rampant. Ali A K Ali 09 Aug 2013
22 Creative Commons FMR 43 Was establishing new institutions in Iraq to deal with displacement a good idea? The humanitarian, developmental and political consequences of decades of mass forced migration are part of the legacy that the current political leaders of Iraq need to address. Peter Van der Auweraert 09 Aug 2013
21 Creative Commons FMR 43 The curious case of North Korea Displacement and distress migration within and outside North Korea may be an indicator of state fragility but a reduction in numbers should not necessarily be read as a sign of improving conditions there. Courtland Robinson 09 Aug 2013
20 Creative Commons FMR 43 Data quality and information management in DRC Forced migration creates special challenges to collecting data and monitoring responses in fragile states where infrastructure and systems are weak or non-existent. Janet Ousley, Lara Ho 09 Aug 2013
19 Creative Commons FMR 43 Refugees from Central American gangs El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras are largely ignored by refugee agencies who underestimate transnational criminal organisation' abuses and powers of control, while overestimating national governments' ability and willingness to protect their citizens. Elizabeth G Kennedy 09 Aug 2013
18 Creative Commons FMR 43 Networked governance in Ecuador's border regions In order to improve security for both Colombian forced migrants and Ecuadorians, an approach that takes advantage of governance networks can allow residents to negotiate access to resources and rights that they otherwise would not be able to enjoy. Lana Balyk, Jeff Pugh 09 Aug 2013
17 Creative Commons FMR 43 Surviving the odds: education, commerce and development among displaced Somalis Private entrepreneurship and the disapora play important roles in supporting displaced people in fragile ungoverned situations. They are also valuable in helping those situations emerge from fragility. Abdirashid Duale 09 Aug 2013
16 Creative Commons FMR 43 Flight, fragility and furthering stability in Yemen Yemen is one of the world's most fragile states. Less well understood is how this context affects the vulnerability of refugees, IDPs and migrants themselves and what can be done to strengthen protection for them. Erin Mooney 09 Aug 2013
15 Creative Commons FMR 43 Humanitarian responses in the protection gap Often a combination of factors pushes people to leave their country, and the voluntary character of their departure remains debatable, challenging humanitarians both to meet needs and to adapt to changing categories of forced displacement. Aurelie Ponthieu, Katharine Derderian 09 Aug 2013
14 Creative Commons FMR 43 Post-disaster Haitian migration Those who left Haiti in the chaotic aftermath of the 2010 earthquake did not generally find the same posture of solidarity and humanitarianism overseas that was apparent in the significant international assistance that followed the disaster. Diana Thomaz 09 Aug 2013
13 Creative Commons FMR 43 The 'phantom state' of Haiti The fragile nature of the state had turned emigration into a major feature of Haitian life even before the earthquake displaced hundreds of thousands of people. Andreas E Feldmann 09 Aug 2013
12 Creative Commons FMR 43 The displaced claiming their rights in fragile states To date, displaced persons in fragile and conflict-affected states have had little success in claiming their rights for housing, land and property violations. Creative legal thinking and strategic litigation has the potential to change this. Antonia Mulvey 09 Aug 2013
11 Creative Commons FMR 43 Can Refugee Cessation be seen as a proxy for the end of state fragility? The cessation of refugee status results from a judgment that a sufficient change has occurred in the refugees' country of origin that they no longer require international protection. Georgia Cole 09 Aug 2013
10 Creative Commons FMR 43 'Everyone for themselves' in DRC's North Kivu While the international donor community has been trying to engage with DRC by partnering with the government to implement the New Deal for Aid Effectiveness for Fragile States, communities in DRC. Luisa Ryan, Dominic Keyzer 09 Aug 2013
9 Creative Commons FMR 43 Repeated displacement in eastern DRC The provision of some basic assistance in places to which people flee makes this process slightly easier but in the absence of state-led protection, multiple displacement has become a defining feature of the Kivu conflict. Fran Beytrison, Olivia Kalis 09 Aug 2013
8 Creative Commons FMR 43 Fragile states, collective identities and forced migration Governance and the rule of law should be vital considerations in attempts to deal with forced migration in fragile states such as DRC. Kelly Staples 09 Aug 2013
7 Creative Commons FMR 43 Fragile states and protection under the 1969 African Refugee Convention Current practice in African states highlights both the potential and the limitations of the 1969 African Refugee Convention in providing protection to persons displaced from fragile states. Tamara Wood 09 Aug 2013
6 Creative Commons FMR 43 Peace villages for repatriates to Burundi Burundi's peace villages, which are intended both as models for reintegration and as centres of economic development, have encountered a number of problems which are related to the country's continued fragility as a state. Jean-Benoît Falisse, René Claude Niyonkuru 09 Aug 2013
5 Creative Commons FMR 43 application/pdf iconPDF audio/mpeg iconMP3 Liberia: local politics, state building and reintegration of populations Interventions aiming to assist IDPs and refugees returning home in fragile states would do well to take note of the local political and economic contexts in the aftermath of war, because these deeply affect the reintegration of war-affected populations. Jairo Munive 09 Aug 2013
4 Creative Commons FMR 43 Displaced populations and their effects on regional stability A better understanding of state fragility, combined with improvements in policy and funding for displaced populations, is necessary to prevent the proliferation of further regional conflicts. Joe Landry 09 Aug 2013
3 Creative Commons FMR 43 How to engage constructively with fragile states Donors have allocated increasing resources in fragile states to the reform and/or rebuilding of the architecture of the state, such as justice systems, the police and army, and the management of ministries in efforts to support stability. Jon Bennett 09 Aug 2013
2 Creative Commons FMR 43 State fragility, refugee status and "survival migration" State fragility demands the protection of people fleeing the omissions of states, whether due to states' unwillingness or to their inability to provide for their citizens' fundamental rights. Alexander Betts 09 Aug 2013
1 Creative Commons FMR 43 From the Editors From the editors. The editors 09 Aug 2013