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A liquid of quarks and gluons

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Duration: 0:33:29 | Added: 15 Mar 2024
Jasmine Brewer covers recent progress on studying the properties of the quark-gluon plasma, and describe how we can capitalize on lessons learned from high-energy physics to provide new insights on this novel material.

Quarks and gluons are the fundamental constituents of all matter in the universe, but they have the unique property that they are always confined inside hadrons. The only situation in which quarks and gluons are deconfined is in extremely high-energy collisions of heavy nuclei, where the temperature is so high that nuclei “melt” into a new phase of matter called the quark-gluon plasma. This exotic state of matter provides a gateway to study the rich many-body physics of free quarks and gluons, including their rapid thermalization to form the most perfect liquid ever observed.

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